Wilmington Design Standards for Historic Districts and Landmarks

6 5 4 3 2 1 Appendices and Additional Resources Design Standards WILMINGTON HISTORIC DISTRICTS AND LANDMARKS 109 7 Appendix B - Glossary A Sheets of exterior wall covering, usually with a colored fi nish, fabricated from aluminum to resemble wood siding. Aluminum siding was developed in the 1940s and became popular in the 1950s and 1960s. Aluminum Siding: Appropriate: Suitable for, or compatible with, a property, based on accepted standards and techniques for historic preservation. Arch: A curved and sometimes pointed structural member used to span an opening. A rounded arch represents classical or Romanesque in fl uence whereas a pointed arch generally denotes Gothic in fl uence. Architrave: The lower part of a classical entablature , resting directly on the capital of a column, the molding around a window or door. Art Deco: A style of decorative arts and architecture popular in the 1920s and 1940s, characterized by geometric forms and exotic motifs. Ashlar: Stonework consisting of individual stones that are shaped and tooled to have even faces and square edges. Asphalt Shingle: A shingle manufactured from saturated roo fi ng felts, rag, asbestos or fi berglass coated with asphalt and fi nished with mineral granules on the side exposed to weather. Awning: A roo fl ike cover of canvas or plastic over a window or door to provide protection against sun, wind or rain. B Stones carried by oceangoing vessels for weight. In North Carolina ports such as Wilmington, small, rounded ballast stones were unloaded when ships picked up heavy cargoes of timber and naval stores, and were reused locally to build walls and foundations . Ballast Stones: Balustrade: A series of balusters or uprights connected on top by a handrail and sometimes on the bottom by a bottom rail to provide an ornamental and protective barrier along the edge of a stair, roof, balcony, or porch. Bargeboard (also vergeboard): A sometimes richly ornamented board placed on the verge (incline) of the gable to conceal the ends of rafters; typically seen in the picturesque styles of the 19th century such as the Gothic Revival and the Queen Anne . Battered Wall: A wall that is thicker at the bottom than at the top. Bay: (1) An opening or division along a face of a building; for example, a wall with a door fl anked by two windows is three bays wide. (2) The space between principle structural members, as in a timber frame, the space between posts. (3) A projection from the façade of a building, such as a bay window. Belvedere: A rooftop pavilion from which a vista can be enjoyed (Sometimes incorrectly referred to as a cupola ). Beveled Glass: Glass panels whose edges are ground and polished at a slight angle to form a beveled border; used for entrance doors and ornamental work.