Wilmington Design Standards for Historic Districts and Landmarks

6 5 4 3 2 1 Standards for Neighborhood Setting Design Standards WILMINGTON HISTORIC DISTRICTS AND LANDMARKS 37 7 Wilmington’s Residential and Theatre Historic Districts represent the evolution of a cultural landscape for over two-and-a-half centuries. Large oaks draped in Spanish moss provide shade to brick paved streets. The plazas retain some original street furniture and display lavish plantings of azalea, oleander and crepe myrtle. Low brick walls, and wood and iron fences mark the sidewalk boundaries of many front yards. Pierced brick fences add variety to the streetscape. On some streets the setbacks are minimal. In general, the lots are narrow with ample rear yards that are usually fenced. Paving, ground cover, street lights, benches, traf fi c signs, transit stops and utility lines also contribute to the character of the districts. What survives today is a distinctly urban landscape which still retains the character of its 18 th-and 19 th-century past. The Carolina Heights/Winoca Terrace Historic District which developed at the beginning of the 20th century, presents a suburban landscape where larger lots and deep setbacks allow for well tended front lawns and gardens. Only rear yards are fenced. The shade trees planted almost a century ago have now matured and provide ample shelter on the broad streets. In the Downtown Commercial District, the street plazas are more formally planted, alleys connect the major streets and the sidewalk trees are smaller. On Front Street, low plantings and benches enhance the intersections and the sidewalks are narrow. Along the river in front of the Federal Court House, a boardwalk Riverwalk and adjoining park provide a place to stroll, jog or just re fl ect on the water. Trees are an important natural feature in the historic districts. It is important that mature trees remain intact and undisturbed. In the event of severely diseased or dead trees, approval for the removal of a tree is always contingent upon the submittal of a report by City’s tree specialist. If a historic building or landscaping feature is endangered by tree and shrubbery roots or growth, the Commission will assess the importance of that feature in determining the appropriateness of the tree’s removal. The choice of types, as well as the size and location of trees, will be reviewed by City’s tree specialist for appropriateness to the local climate and soils, and for historical correctness to the Wilmington area. A Certi fi cate of Appropriateness is required for swimming pools which are appropriate only in rear yards and shall be in compliance with the requirements of the building code and the city’s land use regulations. On corner lots, pools are limited to the portion of the rear yard farthest from the street. Security fencing is to comply with the state building code, the city’s land use regulations and these Design Standards. Front Entrance Landscaping 111 South 5th Avenue Source: City of Wilmington 2.1 Landscaping