Wilmington Design Standards for Historic Districts and Landmarks

6 5 4 3 2 1 Standards for Neighborhood Setting Design Standards WILMINGTON HISTORIC DISTRICTS AND LANDMARKS 51 7 Archaeological resources are physical evidence of human activity buried below the ground that tells us about our prehistoric and historic past. A site may contain glass bottles, metal cans and utensils or broken pottery and stone implements. It can also contain the walls of a house, the remains of a house or a shipwreck. Archaeological sites exist in densely built urban areas, below roads, parking lots and plowed fi elds in rural areas. The love of the past and the desire to preserve it forms a natural bond between historic preservation and archeology. Information derived from archaeological sites provides a better understanding of historic buildings. Verrazzano explored the Cape Fear area in 1524 and was followed by other explorers before the end of the 16th century. Wilmington was established in 1739-40. Because of its early settlement, its location on the Cape Fear River and importance as North Carolina’s largest port city, the possibility of archaeological sites within the Downtown Commercial Historic District along the waterfront is high. Archaeological resources are fragile and irreplaceable and should be protected. A site can simply be left alone and preserved for future study. It can be excavated and documented or be incorporated within the landscaped area of a development project. Any earth moving activities involving demolition, excavation or fi ll grading, landscaping and drilling can adversely affect archaeological resources. As part of a pre-application review for new commercial and residential construction (where the total fl oor area exceeds 3,000 square feet), property owners are encouraged to submit a preliminary archaeological assessment of the site by a professional archaeologist. If the site plan area has no substantial archaeological signi fi cance or the proposed construction has no impact on known or unknown resources, there will be no further review. If the site plan area has potential signi fi cance, the applicant is encouraged to submit an archaeological evaluation report and a resource management plan as part of his the application for a Certi fi cate of Appropriateness. The North Carolina Of fi ce of Archaeology can provide a brief report on the importance of the site and give technical advice to property owners. Cannon Dated Early 1700s Discovered at Water Street Construction Site in 2016 Source: City of Wilmington 2.9 Archaeology