Wilmington Design Standards for Historic Districts and Landmarks

6 5 4 3 2 1 Standards for Building Changes Design Standards WILMINGTON HISTORIC DISTRICTS AND LANDMARKS 66 7 The early houses in the residential areas of Wilmington’s historic districts generally had a wood fi nish and modest amount of decoration. By the end of the 19th century, decorative elements in the form of corner boards and brackets increased. Balustrades and shingles in a variety of patterns added texture and interest to the houses. In most instances, the decoration re fl ects the style of the building. Queen Anne style houses have a wealth of ornament and a variety of fi nishes. Italianate homes are noted for their bracketed cornices . A few Neoclassical Revival style houses have full height entry porches with elaborate columns and entablatures . More common are two story structures with full facade porches, boxed eaves , and wide friezes below denticulated cornices. Bungalows are often brick faced, or have a combination of stucco , shingles, and brick facing. Solid brick construction was commonly used for early warehouses along the waterfront, whereas later buildings in the Downtown Commercial Historic District (HDO) are faced with stone, brick and sandstone frequently enhanced by terracotta or precast ornament. Exterior Walls and Decorative Woodwork In the residential areas of the historic districts, wood siding is the material most commonly used to cover wood framed buildings. Weatherboards , also known as clapboards , are overlapping horizontal boards usually mounted directly on the framework. The width of the board relates to the style and age of the building. Generally clapboards are beveled with the slightly thicker edge at the bottom. Clapboard also comes with square edges or they can be laid fl ush. Shiplap, also known as German siding , has a fl at face which is beveled or grooved at the lap. In the early 19th century, clapboards were often beaded to create a decorative effect. Board and batten siding consists of closely spaced wide boards placed vertically with the joints covered by thin wood strips called battens. It is often associated with Gothic Revival architecture. Examples of this form of siding are rare in Wilmington. Decorative shingles became popular in the late 19th century and appear in a variety of patterns depending on their cut which includes fi sh scale, staggered, imbricated and spaced/ cut styles. Wood Siding View the following page for visual examples Decorative Woodwork 314 South 2nd Street Source: City of Wilmington 3.5 Exterior Walls and Decorative Woodwork